Every November 14, World Diabetes Day is celebrated, the so-called “disease of our millennium,” especially with regard to type 2. It is an occasion to raise awareness of the global challenge that this disease represents, but also of the natural allies that can help fight it. One of these would be coffee, the Italians’ most beloved beverage.
Thanks to its rich blend of bioactive compounds, including polyphenols, coffee would in fact be able to positively influence glucose metabolism and antioxidant processes. Evidence also recently confirmed by a study published in Clinical Nutrition, which suggests that habitual coffee consumption may reduce the onset of type 2 diabetes. When it comes to the positive role it plays in combating type 2 diabetes, the scientific literature reports that drinking 3-4 cups of coffee a day would be associated with an approximately 25 percent lower risk of developing the disease, compared to less or no consumption.
This amount is perfectly in line with the scientific opinion of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), which states that 400mg of caffeine per day (about 3-5 cups of coffee) is the correct dose for most people. The literature supporting the role of this beverage in reducing the risk of developing diabetes is extensive and detailed; ISIC, the Institute for Scientific Information on Coffee, points to numerous scientific evidences on the subject, such as the fact that caffeinated coffee may protect women more than men from the possibility of developing diabetes and that decaffeinated coffee also has protective effects. “In Mediterranean culture, coffee is more than just a drink; it is a social bond and a tradition deeply rooted in our lives. Coffee represents a moment of sharing, a flagship of tradition and, as science claims, a potential ally in promoting well-being,” comments Michele Monzini, president of Consorzio Promozione Caffè, the consortium that for more than 30 years has brought together the main companies that produce and market the different types of coffee as well as manufacturers of professional Ho.Re.Ca machines and equipment suppliers. “Through collaboration with experts and research institutions of recognized authority, the Coffee Promotion Consortium strives every day to be a reliable source of knowledge for the public, while also helping the dissemination of accurate and up-to-date information on the role of coffee in health promotion.”